The rapid growth of the internet has brought with it a necessity for greater internet infrastructure development. With millions of users accessing the internet at any one time, this aspect of the technology has had a profound effect on internet infrastructure and the way in which it is being utilized. Utilizing global measurements of internet connection speeds and international cross-country differences it examines and presents patterns of technological regulatory architecture and their potential impact on the growth of Internet access infrastructure all over the world. Using a combination of historical and recent case studies, this study examines five key areas concerning internet regulation and develops a policy framework to oversee these developments.
A new era of internet regulation is upon us. Following the threat of the DoS Act and the European Union’s (EU) attempts to reform the E-Commerce sector, Google Fiber took the initiative to build out its own network connecting America and Asia. Analyzing Google Fiber’s success and failures in this effort brings a unique perspective to the subject matter of this report. This timely examination illuminates important lessons for regulatory policymakers looking to improve the deployment of high-speed networks.
Regulation may affect the manner in which people access and use the internet. There are many concerns that must be addressed before internet infrastructure can be properly deployed. One such issue centers around the issues of discrimination. The ability to discriminate against certain content or applications has long been considered a fundamental part of the open internet. While the FCC attempted to eliminate the ban on blocking content by issuing a rule in 2020, the effort was quickly blocked by a federal appeals court.
An even more pressing concern revolves around the concern for internet access providers such as mobile computing companies and mobile equipment manufacturers who wish to provide internet infrastructure development facilities. An influential group calling itself the Ilva consortium is pursuing an application known as Internet Protocol (IP) Video Privacy. It has come up with an innovative system for allowing subscribers of mobile IP communications companies to surf the web anonymously. The group is backed by AT&T, Verizon, and several other large companies.
An even greater concern is the need for increased security for international traffic. The Ilva consortium plans to utilize an ‘IXPS’ system to provide this service. What is an IXPS? In order to explain this term a little further, an IX is a type of shared web server used for the purpose of allowing both internal and external users to have access to the same web server resources. In the context of the internet infrastructure development project, the term ‘IXPS’ could be seen as providing a high level of security and access control rather than the traditional style of partitioning the internet infrastructure as we have traditionally seen.
Another interesting proposal is centered around VoIP. Proponents argue that it presents a significant opportunity to strengthen the global economy. An increasing number of organizations are adopting this new technology to reduce their overall costs. The development of VoIP and its application to international technical networks will play a key role in the ongoing efforts to improve internet development and deployment. As more organizations adopt VoIP, there will be an increased demand for IP networks that can support IP networks supporting VoIP.
With regard to the mobile internet and the mobile communication industries, the concept of ‘intelligent transportation’ could play a role. One such system is the so-called ‘IoT’ or ‘IoT virtual network’. The IoT refers to a network that connects various components of the real world, such as vehicle fleets to centralized monitoring systems. According to some commentators, the IoT represents a new interface between human minds and technology. In fact, the IoT may be seen as the harbinger of the ‘fourth industrial revolution’. One such system is envisaged to form the backbone for a mobile internet, which will play a major role in the ongoing discussion about internet infrastructure development.
In view of the above, it is high time for organizations to invest in these internet technologies. Investing in such technologies at this early stage will yield fruits in the long run. Given that there is significant scope for investing in these technologies, there is a need for organizations to develop inter-organizational cooperation as they are related to real-time internet technologies. It is also recommended that organizations should start pooling resources to improve their IT infrastructure now while there is still ample room for investment in the future.